Learn About Batteries And Their Types In Electric Cars


?What do you know about batteries in electric cars

The rechargeable battery is considered the beating heart of electric cars. It is responsible for pumping the previously stored electrical energy inside it to the control unit, which in turn sends electrical energy to the engine. The one who converts it into mechanical energy that generates torque is responsible for moving the car

Batteries, also known as accumulators, are a unit specifically designed to store electrical current, consisting of electrochemical cells as one of the energy sources, which are produced through chemical reactions through the passage of current between two materials, one of which is liquid and the other is solid, between an insulator. There are two types of interactions

A spontaneous reaction that converts chemical energy into electrical energy
A non-spontaneous reaction that converts electricity into chemical energy
The battery delivers electrical energy by changing the energy of the material inside the electrochemical cells into electrical energy
Batteries provide a compact source of electrical power without the need for cords or power sockets, making access to many high-end amenities possible

The use of batteries has spread since their development by the Italian physicist (Alessandro Volta) in 1799 and many devices; hours; Computers; Razor; Music players and many other devices

:Battery Types In Electric Cars

The types of batteries are classified according to their chemical properties into several types

Primary batteries

basic batteries are only for one-time use and you can't recharge them, including

soluble batteries

Soluble batteries are one of the most popular types of batteries; These are distinguished by their high power thickness and long service life; Hello, An antacid battery consists of two ends: the negative anode is made of zinc and the positive cathode is made of manganese dioxide

The antacid battery is called this because it contains energy zones made of "potassium hydroxide" and these batteries are used in electronic devices; Hours; cameras; Radio equipment, music players and batteries come in all shapes and sizes

Zinc or carbon battery (dry battery)

A dry battery consists of a zinc case with the negative electrode and a carbon rod treating the positive electrode; Also, this tape is surrounded by a mixture of carbon powder and manganese oxide to work on electrical conductivity

Energy is a mixture of zinc chloride and aluminum chloride; The voltage of the carbon-zinc battery is about 1.5 V; this type is distinguished by its strength and durability, its realistic time frame of use is long, and the cost is modest; However, these batteries do not perform well when the temperature drops

mercury battery

The mercury battery consists of manganese dioxide and mercuric oxide; This battery produces a voltage of at least 1.35 volts; mercury batteries must be of low popularity and use because they contain toxic mercury and have a low electrical flux yield

silver oxide batteries

This battery consists of silver oxide, which serves as the positive electrode, though zinc, which serves as the negative terminal; The electrolyte is often sodium hydroxide or potassium hydroxide

What distinguishes silver oxide batteries is that they can be accessed in different sizes, but they are expensive and reasonable to operate power tools that require low electrical flux

Optional batteries

These batteries are turned on several times, depending on the type of battery, including

Corrosive lead batteries

this type of battery was manufactured in the 80s of the twentieth century; They are bulky, heavy-duty batteries. It consists of lead, which treats the negative terminal, while lead dioxide treats the positive electrode; The electrolyte is framed by a corrosive substance when charging the batteries; Corrosive lead-acid batteries are used to control the start-up of trolleys

Particle lithium batteries
There are a wide variety of types of lithium particle batteries, but the most famous are those batteries whose positive terminal is made of lithium cobalt oxide, while the negative cathode is made of carbon; These batteries are used in premium devices, for example, “mobile phones; advanced cameras; electric vehicles, and multimedia. Batteries can be distinguished by the type of energy into two types

Battery or dry cell

The power in the dry cell consists of glue just wet enough for electric current to flow through it; The most famous of them are (zinc-carbon batteries) (lithium batteries). Dry batteries are pictured in terms of convenience and the opportunity to be stored for extended periods given the fact that they have a low firing rate

Battery or fluid cell

A liquid battery is so called because it contains an electrolyte in the liquid state, which is often an answer to sulfur corrosive matter and water; One of the disadvantages of liquid batteries is the significant burden and danger of the object if the outer packaging is exposed to wear and the spillage of synthetic parts

Additional fluid batteries exist, for example, "corrosive lead batteries", which are known as vehicle batteries, and from basic fluid batteries, including (Daniel cell, Lakeland cell, Grove cell, Bunsen cell, chromium corrosion cell, Clark cell Weston cell)



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